The Imaam said, “Standing to pray in Ramadan was legislated only to increase one’s closeness to Allaah عزوجل, for that reason we hold that we do not mix Taraweeh prayer with anything to do with knowledge or teaching and so on, rather the night prayer should be pure worship. As for knowledge, then it has its time, and it is not restricted by time but [instead] what is taken into consideration concerning it is the well-being of the people who are being taught, and this is the foundational principle, and what I mean by this is that whoever makes it a habit/custom where they teach the people between every four rak’ahs, for example, during the night prayer, whoever makes that a habit/custom—then that is a newly invented matter in opposition to the Sunnah. But if it is concerning a situation that happened to occur, like what Ustaadh Ibrahim just spoke about and it is not made into a habit/custom then in that case it is ok and permissible and I agree with him in what he mentioned, but I just wanted to point out that this is something which is not to be taken as custom, what is taken as custom/habit is standing for the night prayer …”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 693.
Questioner: Is it allowed for the Imaam of a mosque or a daa’ee … and he is leading the people in prayer for taraweeh … between rak’ahs there is a break … and he gives them a reminder about certain issues, about performing the prayer well, for example, and following the Prophet ﷺ, and bringing their attention to innovations and issues related to shirk, giving them a reminder, ya’ni?
Al-Albaani: The answer is that it is allowed and not allowed. If the admonition or warning or the order to do good or forbid evil is concerning an incident that happened to occur, then this is a must.
As for doing it as a routine or habit after every four rak’ahs, for example, or more than that or less where the Imaam gives a dars, then this is against the Sunnah.
If a situation happens to occur then it is wajib to warn people of it, as for making that a habit/custom, then standing or praying taraweeh is an unadulterated form of worship, where a Muslim turns to Allaah عز وجل with all his body, his core, his intellect and heart, this is the goal of the night prayer, the prayer in Ramadan.
As for making it a habit to have a sitting [to give a reminder] after every two rak’ahs or four, then this is something the Prophet ﷺ did not do.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 656. [3/7/125]
Shaikh al-Ubailaan said, “… and this methodology which the scholars, may Allaah have mercy on them, have determined [concerning hadith] and [also] which the people of knowledge are upon concerning hadith is what the Ameerul-Mu’mineen in hadith of this age [i.e., al-Albaani] is upon, for he is the reviver of [both] the Science of Hadith and the Sunnah in this time—as the scholars of this age have stated openly—yet he did not bring anything new [i.e., unfounded], additionally he didn’t accept being a blind follower of anyone else in a field of knowledge to which he had devoted the majority of his life, and Allaah granted him things in that field which He didn’t grant others, and his goal in it was to aid the Sunnah, he didn’t busy himself with it in order to make a particular madhhab triumph, or to seek the dunyaa, in fact, he split with his father when his father gave him the choice to agree with him in something he was opposing the Sunnah in or to part ways, so he chose to part ways, saying to his father, ‘Give me three days in which I can seek Allaah’s Guidance in this matter [istikhaarah],’—and at that time he had no worldly possessions, Shaikh [al-Albaani] told me this himself, may Allaah grant him a place in the highest Firdous and raise his rank among the rightly guided.
So the Shaikh spent his entire life in this struggle, he didn’t seek knowledge in order to live in the lap of luxury, or to gain fame and the people’s praise—rather his concern was to spread the Sunnah, whoever was pleased with that then so be it and whoever raged against it, then so be it.
And our Shaikh, the Abstemious, the ’Allaamah, the Haafidh, Abdullah ibn Muhammad ad-Daweesh, may Allaah have mercy on him, spoke the truth when he said about Shaikh al-Albaani, ‘For centuries no one has come forth in the Science of Hadith like Shaikh Naasir in the copiousness of his works, and his precision in checking.’
And no-one recognises the merit of the people of excellence apart from [other] people of excellence, yet despite that we do not claim that the Shaikh couldn’t make a mistake when declaring something to be authentic or weak, this wasn’t the case and nor will it be with others.
At the same time we do not accept and nor are we pleased with his reputation being tarnished, for attacking him and others like him is to attack the Sunnah, and the claim that his methodology opposes that of the earlier hadith scholars is a disparagement of the Shaikh, no-one who can grasp the results of making such a statement on the Sunnah and its people in this time and after it would say such a thing.”
Raddul-Jameel fidh-Dhabb ‘an Irwaa’ al-Ghaleel, pp. 67-68.
The Imaam said, “You should be aware that seeking refuge with Allaah [al-isti’aadhah] for reciting the Quraan is to be done before [actual] recitation, as for seeking refuge with Him [تعالى] when [just] quoting an aayah then it is an innovation which is in opposition to the Sunnah. Note when you read the hadiths in which the Prophet ﷺ quoted an aayah as proof you won’t find him ﷺ saying, ‘A’uthu billaahi minash-Shaitaanir-Rajeem.’”
Silsilatul-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 26.
[See here for the first part.]
Before I begin listing the story’s narrations, I feel I must make a [brief] remark in order to complete the benefits to be gained from this book, so I say:
This story has been mentioned by the scholars of tafsir for The Most High’s Statement:
وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مِن قَبۡلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٖ وَلَا نَبِيٍّ إِلَّآ إِذَا تَمَنَّىٰٓ أَلۡقَى ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ فِيٓ أُمۡنِيَّتِهِۦ فَيَنسَخُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يُلۡقِي ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ ثُمَّ يُحۡكِمُ ٱللَّهُ ءَايَٰتِهِۦۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٞ ٥٢ لِّيَجۡعَلَ مَا يُلۡقِي ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ فِتۡنَةٗ لِّلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٞ وَٱلۡقَاسِيَةِ قُلُوبُهُمۡۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ لَفِي شِقَاقِۢ بَعِيدٖ ٥٣ وَلِيَعۡلَمَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِهِۦ فَتُخۡبِتَ لَهُۥ قُلُوبُهُمۡۗ وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَهَادِ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِلَىٰ صِرَٰطٖ مُّسۡتَقِيمٖ
“And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he spoke [or recited], Satan threw into it [some misunderstanding]. But Allaah abolishes that which Satan throws in, then Allaah makes precise His verses, and Allaah is Knowing and Wise. [That is] so He may make what Satan throws in [i.e., asserts] a trial for those within whose hearts is a disease and those hard of heart, and indeed, the wrongdoers are in extreme dissension. And so that those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allaah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path.” [Al-Hajj 22:52-54]
And they have differed concerning the explanation of His Saying, “تَمَنَّىٰٓ” and “أُمۡنِيَّتِهِۦ”, and the best that has been said regarding them is that “تَمَنَّىٰٓ” is from [the word] “الأمنية” which means recitation, as the poet said about Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, when he was killed:
تمنى كتاب الله أول ليلة وآخرها لاقى حِمام المقادر
He recited the Book of Allaah at the beginning of the night
And at its end did meet the appointed fate of death
Most of the scholars of Quranic exegesis and verifiers are of this opinion, and Ibn Kathir reported it from most of the scholars of tafsir. In fact, Ibn al-Qayyim attributed it to the Salaf without exception saying in Ighaathatul-Lahfaan1 (1/93), “And the Salaf, all of them, hold that the meaning is: when he recited, the Devil threw [some misunderstanding/things not from it] into [في] his recitation.” And al-Qurtubi explained it in his tafsir, saying, (12/83), “And Sulaimaan ibn Harb said, ‘Indeed [the preposition] ‘in/في’ means ‘at the time of/when,’ i.e.: the Devil threw [misunderstanding/things not from it] into the hearts of the disbelievers at the time of the Prophet’s recitation ﷺ; this is similar to [the use of the preposition ‘in/في’] in His Statement, the Mighty and Majestic:
“… and you remained among us …” [Shu’araa 26:18]
i.e., [the preposition ‘in/في’ in the above verse means] ‘‘among’ us,’ and this is the meaning of what Ibn Atiyyah related from his father from the scholars of the East and al-Qaadi Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi indicated it too.”
Abu Bakr’s statements shall be mentioned in their due place, if Allaah the Most High wills, and what we have stated in terms of the explanation of the verse is what Imaam Ibn Jarir chose, who said, after what he reported from a group of the Salaf, (17/121), “And this statement is the most correct explanation of the verse, shown by the Most High’s Saying:
فَيَنسَخُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يُلۡقِي ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ ثُمَّ يُحۡكِمُ ٱللَّهُ ءَايَٰتِهِۦۗ
“But Allaah abolishes that which Satan throws in, then Allaah makes precise His verses …” [Al-Hajj 22:52]
because there is no doubt that the verses which Allaah جل ثناؤه makes precise are those of His Revelation, based upon this it is known that what Shaitaan threw into them is what He تعالى ذكره said He abolished and nullified, and by annulling them He made them [i.e., His verses] precise.
So the explanation is:
“And We did not send any messenger or prophet before you except that when he recited and read the Book of Allaah or narrated and spoke, the Devil threw [things not from it in] amongst the Book of Allaah which he [i.e., the Prophet] was reciting and reading, or into his speech which he was narrating and uttering, and so Allaah would, with His Speech, abolish whatever the Devil threw: [i.e.,] Allaah would eliminate whatever it was the Devil threw [doing so] upon the tongue of His Prophet and would nullify it.”
This is the noble verse’s intended meaning and it contains, as you can see, nothing except the fact that at the time of the Prophet’s recital ﷺ the Devil throws forward that which causes those in whose hearts is a disease to be put to trial.
But nothing satisfies the enemies of the religion who sit in wait at every path and lurk in the shadows at each and every place of ambush against it, except to thrust into it things that aren’t from it, and which His Messenger did not say. And as you will soon see in the forthcoming narrations, they mentioned that which is not becoming of the rank of Prophethood and Messengership—and that is their habit of old.
Just as they did with more than one verse concerning other Prophets apart from him ﷺ like Dawud, Sulaimaan and Yusuf عليهم الصلاة والسلام, where when explaining the verses about them they reported Israiliyaat narrations which it is not even permissible to attribute to a [regular] Muslim let alone a revered Prophet, and this can be seen in the relevant parts in the books of tafsir and stories.
So beware, O Muslim, of being deceived by any of that and as a result ending up amongst those destroyed, and, “Leave that which causes you to doubt for that which does not cause you to doubt,” as your Prophet ﷺ said.
وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَهَادِ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِلَىٰ صِرَٰطٖ مُّسۡتَقِيمٖ
“And indeed is Allaah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path.” [Al-Hajj 22:53]
1 See the Al-Maktab al-Islami and Daar al-Khaani prints, checked by Dr. Muhammad Afifi, 2nd edition, 1/150.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
All praise is due to Allaah Who chose our Prophet over all of mankind and protected him from the Devil ever inspiring evil to him; He, the Most High, addressing the accursed Iblees, said:
إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيۡسَ لَكَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ سُلۡطَٰنٌ إِلَّا مَنِ ٱتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ ٱلۡغَاوِينَ
“Indeed, My servants—no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators.” [Al-Hijr 15:42]
In fact He, the Most High, gave him ﷺ control over his devil-companion [Al-Qareen], so what is the case with those who are far removed from Him? As the saying of His noble Messenger ﷺ indicated, “There is not one among you except that Allaah has appointed a companion for him from the Jinn.” They said, “Even you, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Even me, but Allaah helped me with him, and he became a Muslim, so he only tells me to do good.”1
And may Allaah send praise upon Muhammad, who Allaah the Most High gave power to over Iblees such that he was almost about to strangle him to death, and he had intended to tie him to one of the pillars of Medina’s Mosque2, and [may He also send prayers] upon his family, Companions and whoever seeks guidance by following him up until the Day of Judgement.
A scholar from our dear brothers in Pakistan who was sent there for some academic purpose wrote to me on 14/7/1952 asking for my opinion concerning the hadith of the cranes [Gharaaneeq] about which two great Haafidhs, Ibn Kathir the Damascene and Ibn Hajr the Egyptian, differed, the first rejected it and the second declared it to be a strong hadith; and he requested that I not refrain from giving him an answer. So I spent some months waiting for the opportunity to be able to respond to his request.
After the Eed al-Adhaa prayer this year, 1371 AH, a beloved brother met me and then also asked me about the hadith of the Gharaaneeq, thus I answered him telling him that it was not authentic but rather false and fabricated. He then mentioned a youth to me, someone in whose heart is a disease, who used that hadith to show that the Prophet ﷺ used to—and far be it from him—say things to please the polytheists to draw them to himself, because according to this youth’s false assumption he was not a true Prophet but only pretending to be one in order to take a position of authority over them, a point some of the infidels of times past and present used to praise excessively without reason.
So that led me to make good the opportunity of the aforementioned Eed and I began, whilst trusting in Allaah the Most Ghafoor, to gather the paths of narration of that story from the books of Quranic exegesis [tafsir] and hadith, clarifying their hidden defects both in the text and the chains of narration. I then made mention of al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar’s statement strengthening those hadiths and followed that up with what clarifies the invalidity of the result he came to, and then commented on that with a mention of pieces of research and reports from some of the eminent Imaams, those of great scrutiny in subsidiary issues and the fundamentals, which support the conclusion I came to concerning the dubiousness of the story and its futility and the obligation of rejecting it and not accepting it, believing in the Most High’s Statement:
لِّتُؤۡمِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ وَتُعَزِّرُوهُ وَتُوَقِّرُوهُۚ وَتُسَبِّحُوهُ بُكۡرَةٗ وَأَصِيلًا
“That you [people] may believe in Allaah and His Messenger and honor him and respect him [i.e., the Messenger] and exalt Him [i.e., Allaah] morning and afternoon.” [Al-Fath 48:9]
And so came about a treatise unique in its field, strong in its subject matter, removing the confusion of the believing brother and destroying the doubt of the harebrained apostate, and I have called it:
‘Mounting the Ballista to Decimate the Story of the Cranes.’
I ask Allaah the Most High, to make it sincerely for Him and that He accepts it from me as a defense of His Prophet, and that He stores its reward for me for the day when we will be in the utmost need of his intercession:
يَوۡمَ لَا يَنفَعُ مَالٞ وَلَا بَنُونَ إِلَّا مَنۡ أَتَى ٱللَّهَ بِقَلۡبٖ سَلِيمٖ
“The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children.
But only one who comes to Allaah with a sound heart.” [Ash-Shu’araa 26:88-89]
Indeed He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Damascus, on 2/1/1372 AH, 21/9/1952.
Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani.
1 Reported by Ahmad, nos. 3647, 3778, 3801 and 4393 of the Maktab al-Islami print, and Muslim 8/139, by way of Ibn Mas’ood. [Sahih Muslim, Darussalam Print, vol. 7, p. 215, no. 7108]
2 This has been reported in Sahih al-Bukhari, 3/62 in Ibn Hajar’s Sharh, Muslim 2/72 and others.
See here for the second part.
The Imaam said, “And so here I am, having spent my youth’s vigour, the vitality of my middle age, whatever remaining strength I have in my old age, and the greater portion of my free time in the service of this [most] noble knowledge, with an acute craving for examining manuscripts and photocopies [of books], let alone actual printed ones—hardly anything preoccupying me from that as it does other students of knowledge, except for what I have no choice over.
And yet despite that, indeed I, whenever time advances and I grow older, increase in my faith in Allaah’s Statement, “… and of knowledge, you have been given but a little,” [17:85] and in the fact that over time whenever a person gains more knowledge he increases in his awareness of his own ignorance, and that is why, as a lesson for us, Allaah ordered His Prophet ﷺ to say, “And say, ‘My Lord! Increase me in knowledge!’” [20:114] and for that reason one of his supplications ﷺ was, “Oh Allaah! Cause me to benefit from what you have taught me, and teach me what will benefit me, and increase me in knowledge!” [Hasan: Saheehah, 3151]
Al-Kalimut-Tayyib, p. 7-8.
Questioner: A man who was disobeying Allaah, very rich, then some years later he repents to Allaah, does he have to pay the zakaah of the previous years?
Al-Albaani: He must.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 23.
Questioner: Okay, regarding zakaah, maybe the answer will become clear with this question, a man never gave zakaah for many years, then he repented and turned back to Allaah and wanted to give zakaah, so naturally, it is waajib for him to give the zakaah [for those years]?
Al-Albaani: He must.
Questioner: But he had agricultural land, and he doesn’t know how much it yielded, he’s forgotten, so how much zakaah is he to give?
Al-Albaani: According to the best estimate [he can make], as is the case with all matters that are unclear like this, he makes the best estimate he can, he calculates an amount, he strives, ya’ni, [to come to the best estimate he can], there is no specific amount that has been set.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 31.
Questioner: A man stayed seven years, his wife has a lot of valuable gold, this ornamental gold, he doesn’t know what the ruling is, for seven years he didn’t pay the zakaah?
Al-Albaani: He pays the zakaah for those seven years even if [in the process] he were to lose all his house.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 41.
Questioner: Is the hadith, ‘Fast and you will be healthy,’ authentic? If it isn’t how so?
Al-Albaani: This hadith differs totally from the one we mentioned before it, that last hadith about which we said that its chain of narration was weak and [along with that] the text itself was untrue [as well].
This hadith [however] is weak in terms of its chain of narration but correct in its meaning, ‘Fast and you will be healthy,’ as a hadith reported from the Prophet ﷺ according to the scholars of hadith its chain of narration is not authentic, but the state of affairs shows, and, before that, general hadith like his saying ﷺ, ‘It is enough for the Son of Adam to eat a few small bites that strengthens his spine. If he must have more, then let him fill a third with food, a third with drink and leave a third for his breathing,’ … so hadiths like this confirm, and as occurs in another hadith which has no basis whatsoever but which does contain fine wisdom, ‘Prevention is the best cure, and the stomach is the home of disease,’ for this reason, this hadith, ‘Fast and you will be healthy,’—its attribution to the Prophet ﷺ is not correct but, due to what we mentioned, its meaning is.
And what I mean when I say, ‘Its attribution to the Prophet ﷺ is incorrect,’ is that it is not allowed for a Muslim to say, ‘Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ said, ‘Fast and you will be healthy,’’ as you may have heard on some radio stations, this is not allowed. Why? Because the Prophet ﷺ said, ‘Whoever attributes to me something that I have not said, let him take his place in Hell.’
So it is not allowed for a Muslim to say a sentence, even if in and of itself it is a piece of wisdom and is acceptable in the view of other general, legislated proofs, [yet] it is [still] not allowed for a Muslim to say, ‘Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ said,’ unless it has, according to the scholars of hadith, been confirmed through the ways which establish the hadiths of the Prophet ﷺ.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 692.
The Imaam said, “And the scholars have differed about fasting while on a journey in Ramadaan, there being a number of opinions, and there is no doubt that not fasting during a journey is allowed, and doing that is the preferred option in our opinion if the person not keeping it doesn’t find it difficult to make it up [later], otherwise [i.e., if he does find it difficult to make up later] we prefer that he fasts, and Allaah knows best. And whoever wants to delve further into this topic should refer to Nailul-Awtaar or other books of the people of knowledge.”
Ad-Da’eefah, vol. 2, pp. 336-337.
Commenting on al-Mundhiri’s statement on whether or not to fast when on a journey, the Imaam said, “And he, may Allaah have mercy on him, spoke the truth [when he said], ‘And the better of the two options is the one that is easier.’ People’s strength and circumstances differ, let each one do what is easier for him, and that is why it has been authentically reported that the Prophet ﷺ, when asked about fasting on a journey, said, ‘Fast if you want, or break it if you want.’ (Reported by Muslim 3/145). And from another authentic path [of narration] with the wording, ‘Whichever is easier for you, do it,’ and it has been checked in As-Saheehah, 2884.”
At-Ta’leeq alat-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb, 1/456.
Al-Albaani: Another Ramadaan has come round and you haven’t made up for the [Ramadaan] fasts you missed from the previous year?
There is no harm in that, [but] you should begin making them up at the first opportunity that arises, even if many Ramadaans have passed you by.
Al-Albaani: There is no harm in that but it is better for a person to be quick to make up missed fasting days, whether a man or a woman, due to the Most High’s Statement, “And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden [i.e., Paradise] as wide as the heavens and the earth.” [Aali-Imraan 3:133]
But if he isn’t quick, then, firstly, that doesn’t take that obligation away from him, so he must [still] make them up, and [secondly], he doesn’t have to do anything more than simply making them up.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor: 81.
The Imaam said, “It has been related from the Prophet ﷺ that he said, “There are three people who will not be called to account regarding what they eat, as long as it is halal: a fasting person, and the person eating the suhoor meal and the one guarding the frontier in the way of Allaah.” [Hadith grading:] Fabricated.
The Imaam said, “And maybe one of the bad effects of this [fabricated] hadith is the [resultant] state of the Muslims today—for when they sit to break their fast in Ramadan, a person won’t know to get up [and step away] from the food except just before Ishaa due to how many various types of food, drink, fruit and desserts he devours! And how can this not be the case when the hadith says that such a person is one of those who will not be called to account over what he eats!
So due to that they combined the excessiveness which one has been prohibited from in the Book and the Sunnah with the delaying of Maghrib which has [also] been prohibited in his saying, “My nation will remain in good …” or he said, “… upon the Fitrah, as long as they do not delay Maghrib until the stars appear.” (Al-Haakim declared it to be authentic and adh-Dhahabi agreed with him and it is as they both said, for it has other paths and supporting proofs which I pointed to in Saheeh Sunan Abi Daawood, no. 444).
An encouragement to hasten in opening the fast has also been reported in many hadiths, like, “The people will continue to be fine as long as they hasten the opening of the fast.” So both hadiths must be implemented in a manner where one doesn’t negate the other, and that is done by starting iftaar with a few small bites of food by which one’s hunger is calmed down, and then he gets up to pray and then, if he wants, he can come back to the food until he fulfils his need therefrom.
Some of this has been demonstrated in the practical Sunnah, for Anas said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to break his fast before praying with some fresh dates, but if there were no fresh dates, he had a few dry dates, and if there were no dry dates, he took some mouthfuls of water.” (Reported by Abu Daawood and at-Tirmidhi and he said it was hasan, and it is in Saheeh Abi Daawood, no. 2040, and the one before it is agreed upon and it has been checked in Al-Irwaa, 899).”
Questioner: A fasting person is rinsing his mouth out and accidentally drinks some of the water, what is the ruling on his fast?
Al-Albaani: His fast is correct, and in that [mistake of his] is aafiyah [for him]—it is but Allaah who has fed him and given him something to drink.
Questioner: Isn’t that about a person who forgot?
Al-Albaani: I know, and what’s the difference between someone who forgets … “Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we forget or make a mistake …” [Baqarah 2:286]
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 321.