Translated by Ahmed Abu Turaab
“This is a reality which, very regrettably, all of the Islamic sects are ignorant of, especially Hizb at-Tahrir, which is unique among Islamic groups in giving the human intellect a station greater than that given to it by Islaam.
We know with certainty that when Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, addresses the people with His Speech He is only addressing the intellectuals, He is addressing the scholars, He is addressing those who think and reflect, but we [also] know that the human intellect differs. The intellect is of two types: the Muslim intellect and that of the disbeliever.
This intellect of the disbeliever is not intellect, it may be smartness/cleverness but it is not intellect. Because the [term] intellect in the Arabic language [refers to] that which shackles somebody, binds him and restricts him from going to the right or left. And it is not possible for the intellect not to [incorrectly] turn to the right or left except by following the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم.
For this reason Allaah, the Mighty and the Majestic, related that when the disbelievers and the polytheists acknowledge the reality of their situation … that when they are described as Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, said in the Noble Quraan, “They know what is apparent of the worldly life, but they, of the Hereafter, are unaware …” [Room 30:7] … they will acknowledge that although they were acquainted with worldly matters they were not intellectuals, [which is seen in] their saying which our Lord relates concerning them, “And they will say, ‘Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the companions of the Blaze.” [Al-Mulk 67:10]. Thus, there are two intellects: the true/real intellect and the figurative/metaphorical one.
The true intellect is that of the Muslim who believes in Allaah and His Messenger. As for the figurative one, then it is that of the disbeliever. For this reason, He, the Most High, said in the Quraan as you just heard, “And they will say, ‘Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the companions of the Blaze.” And He said about the disbelievers generally, “They have hearts wherewith they understand not.” [Al-A’raaf 7:179].
Thus, they do have hearts, but they do not understand [the Truth] through them, they do not comprehend the Truth with them.
When we have understood this reality, and it is a reality which I do not think any two will differ over, or any two rams will clash horns over, because it is explicitly in the Quraan and in the sayings of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم but I want to move from this reality to another which is the [actual] point I am trying to make at this time.
So when the intellect of the disbeliever is not [in fact] intellect, then [in the same way] the intellect of the Muslim is also of two types: that of the scholar and that of the ignorant person.
The intellect of the ignorant Muslim cannot be equal to the intellect and understanding of the scholar, they can never be equal when compared. That is why Allaah, the Most High, said, “… but none will understand them except those who have knowledge …” [Ankaboot 29:43].
Thus, it is not permissible for the true Muslim, the one who truly believes in Allah and His Messenger to invest his intellect with the authority to judge, but he should rather make his intellect submit to what Allaah and His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said.
It is from here that I make a point regarding Hizb at-Tahrir: that they were affected by the Mu’tazilah in their starting point in the path of faith, and the path of faith is a title they have given in some of the books written by their head, Tadiyud-Deen an-Nabahaani, may Allaah have mercy on him. I met him a number of times and am fully acquainted with him. And I am very well-versed and acquainted with what Hizb at-Tahrir are upon. For this, I speak with knowledge, inshaa Allaah, about that which their call stands upon. So this is the first point made against them: that they gave the intellect an excellence greater than it deserves.
I repeat to you what I just said earlier: I do not deny that the intellect has its importance as has preceded, but it is not for the intellect to judge the Book and the Sunnah, rather all that is upon it is to understand what has been reported in the Book and the Sunnah.
It is from here that the Mu’tazilah went astray in the past, they denied many, very many, legislated realities, due to the fact that they empowered their intellects over the texts of the Book and the Sunnah which, as a result, they distorted, altered and changed, and in the expression of the scholars of the Pious Predecessors, “They dispensed with the texts of the Book and the Sunnah.”
I want to draw your attention to this point, which is: that it is befitting that the Muslim intellect submit to the text of the Book and the Sunnah after having understood the Book and the Sunnah.
So the judge is [the saying of] Allaah and the Messenger of Allaah. It is not the human intellect due to [the reason] we have stated that the intellect of humans differs, the intellect of the Muslim and non-Muslim differs [from each other]; the intellect of the Muslim differs, that of the ignorant Muslim differs from that of the Muslim who understands, for the understanding of the Muslim scholar is not like that of the ignorant Muslim.
That is why He, the Most High, said, and there is no harm in repeating [what we said earlier], because I know that this topic is something which millions and millions of Muslims men, let alone the women, do not hear. For this reason I am obliged to repeat these points and these proofs, “… but none will understand them except those who have knowledge …””