Shaikh al-Albaani

Translations From His Works

Tag: fire

When the Devils Wanted to Burn the Prophet ﷺ and the Du’aa That Jibreel Taught Him ﷺ for Protection Against Them and the Du’aa the Prophet ﷺ Taught Khaalid Ibn al-Waleed when He Complained of Feeling Some Fear at Night


Imaam Ahmad (15461) and Ibn Abi Shaibah (23601) report from Abu Tayyaah that he said, “Someone asked Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Khanbash, ‘What did the Prophet ﷺ do when the devils plotted against him?’ So he replied, ‘The Devils came to the Prophet ﷺ from the valleys and descended upon him from the mountains. Amongst them was a devil who wanted to burn Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ with a wooden torch that he had with him.

So [then] Jibreel عليه السلام came and said, ‘O Muhammad! Say [it]!’

He replied, ‘What shall I say?’

He said, ‘Say:

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ الَّتِي لَا يُجَاوِزُهُنَّ بَرٌّ وَلَا فَاجِرٌ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ وَذَرَأَ وَبَرَأَ


وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَعْرُجُ فِيهَا


وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا ذَرَأَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا


 وَمِنْ شَرِّ فِتَنِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ


وَمِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ طَارِقٍ إِلَّا طَارِقًا يَطْرُقُ بِخَيْرٍ، يَا رَحْمَنُ

A’udhu bi-kalimaatillaahit-Taammaatillati laa yujaawizuhunna barrun wa laa faajirun min sharri maa khalaqa wa dhara‘a wa bara‘a.
Wa min sharri maa yanzilu minas-samaa‘i wa min sharri maa ya’ruju feehaa.
Wa min sharri maa dhara‘a fil-ardi wa min sharri maa yakhruju minhaa.
Wa min sharri fitanil-layli wan-nahaari.
Wa min sharri kulli taariqin illaa taariqan yatruqu bi khairin, Yaa Rahmaan!

I seek refuge in the Most Perfect Words of Allaah which no righteous or evil person can pass from the evil of what He has created, sowed and formed!
And from the evil that comes down from the sky and from the evil that ascends it!
And from the evil that is sowed in the earth and the evil that comes out from it!
And from the evil of the tribulations of the night and day!
And from the evil of every single one who comes knocking except someone who comes knocking with good, O Most Merciful One!’

And so the fire of the Devils was put out and Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, defeated them.’” As-Saheehah 840.

And at-Tabaraani reports in al-Kabeer (3838) from Khaalid ibn al-Waleed, may Allaah be pleased with him, that, “… he complained to the Prophet  saying, ‘I feel some fear at night.’ So he said, ‘Should I not teach you some words which Jibreel عليه السلام taught me when he believed a powerful [Ifreet] Jinn was plotting against me? He said:

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ الَّتِي لَا يُجَاوِزُهُنَّ بَرٌّ وَلَا فَاجِرٌ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَمَا يَعْرُجُ فِيهَا


 وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا ذَرَأَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا


 وَمِنْ شَرِّ فِتَنِ اللَّيْلِ وَفِتَنِ النَّهَار


وَمِنْ شَرِّ طَوَارِقِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ إِلَّا طَارِقًا يَطْرُقُ بِخَيْرٍ يَا رَحْمَانُ

A’udhu bi-kalimaatillaahit-Taammaatillati laa yujaawizuhunna barrun wa laa faajirun min sharri maa yanzilu minas-samaa‘i wa maa ya’ruju feehaa.
Wa min sharri maa dhara‘a fil-ardi wa maa yakhruju minhaa.
Wa min sharri fitanil-layli wa fitanin-nahaari.
Wa min sharri tawaariqil-layli wan-nahaari illaa taariqan yatruqu bi khairin, Yaa Rahmaan!

I seek refuge in the Most Perfect Words of Allaah which no righteous or evil person can pass from the evil that comes down from the sky and ascends it!
And from the evil that is sowed in the earth and the evil that comes out from it!
And from the evil of the tribulations of the night and the tribulations of the day!
And from the evil of all the ones who come knocking during the night and day except someone who comes knocking with good, O Most Merciful One!’”

As-Saheehah 2738.

It is Not Allowed for Anyone, Apart from the Prophet, to Say that a Specific Individual Has Been Forgiven Because of His Tawheed


 

From al-Haartih ibn ’Ubaid: from Thaabit: from Anas, who said, “Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said to a man, ‘O so and so! Did you do that?’ He replied, ‘No, by the One besides whom none has the right to be worshipped!’—and the Prophet عليه السلام knew that he had [in fact] done it—so he said to him, ‘Verily, Allaah has forgiven you your lie due to your attestation to, ‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.’’”

Al-Albaani said, “Al-Baihaqi said, ‘… what is intended is to show that even if a sin is great it does not mean that it necessitates the Fire as long as the [person’s] ’aqeedah is correct and he is someone for whom forgiveness has preceded [from Allaah]—and singling out a person in such a way [i.e., to say that a person has been forgiven as the Prophet did with that Companion] is not [allowed] for anyone [to do] after the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.’”

As-Saheehah, 3064.

Are There People in Paradise or the Fire Now?


 

Questioner: O Utsaadh! Are there people who have now entered Paradise or people who have entered the Fire? Like the aayah in Surah Yaa Seen, “It was said to him, ‘Enter Paradise.’” [Yaa Seen 36:26]

Al-Albaani: This is about what will be. As for now, there is nothing but the life of al-Barzakh. Entering Paradise or the Fire is appointed at the Reckoning … [at] the resurrection on the Day of Resurrection.

Questioner: Even the martyrs and Prophets?

Al-Albaani: All of them. But their souls are in a specific state of bliss as he عليه السلام said, “The souls of the martyrs are in the crops of green birds, eating from the fruits of Paradise,” and likewise, “The souls of the believers are in the bellies of green birds, eating from the fruits of Paradise.” So this bliss is that of the souls, as for the bliss of the body and soul together and likewise the torment [of them both together], that will not be except after the resurrection.

Questioner: Okay, O Ustaadh! What we understood, according to our intellect, is that when a person is living, his soul and body are interconnected …, when Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says, “Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive …” [Aali-Imraan 3:169] what I mean is [i.e., what I understand from the aayah is], ‘Nay, they are alive …’ i.e., alive as in the soul is in the body, connected.

Al-Albaani: This is something well-known which does not need to be asked about, the Prophet explained it for you and gave you the answer and I mentioned it to you earlier … the souls of the martyrs are in the crops of green birds, what does this mean? That firstly, the life of a martyr is commensurate with his rank before Allaah and, secondly, [at the same time it is also commensurate] with his existence in barzakh.

Life differs.  Life in Barzakh differs from life in this world, and life in the Hereafter differs from both of those forms of life together, life in the Hereafter is different from life in al-Barzakh and life in this world too.

For this reason it is not permissible for a person to employ analogical reasoning [qiyas] … making an analogy of that which is Unseen based upon that which is, such that you say, ‘We don’t know life except in this manner!’

Don’t use this life which you are familiar with to make an analogy of that life which you are not acquainted with; especially when some texts have been related which totally clarify for you the fact that the life of martyrs which our Lord the Mighty and Majestic affirmed in the Quraan, saying, “Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, receiving provision …” … what is their provision?

It is not [various] dishes like those we have, their provision is that they eat by way of what that green bird eats, this is the provision [being referred to], the hadith explains the Quraan.

Questioner: When the Prophet عليه الصلاة والسلام saw Paradise and the Fire and found those who were being punished therein and those who were in bliss, how is that then?

Al-Albaani: Yes, the [differing] states that the Companions of Paradise and those of the Fire will be in [i.e., after Barzakh, on the Day of Judegement] was unveiled to him–this is the true unveiling [kashf] which the Sufis have stolen and attributed to themselves; it [i.e., such kashf] is only for the Prophets and Messengers.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 28.

The video:

Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibn al-Qayyim and the Perishing of the Fire


Questioner: In [his book] Al-Waabil as-Sayyib, Ibn al-Qayyim mentioned that the Fire will come to an end.  What do you say [about that]?

Al-Albani:  Ibn al-Qayyim has two sayings.  The one which it is fitting to adopt [or rely upon] is the elaboration which he mentioned in Al-Waabil as-Sayyib: [that] there are two Fires, one for the disbelievers and another in which the disobedient Muslim sinners [faasiqs] are punished.

The first fire will not cease to exist, it is the second one which will.

And that which is found in some of his books and some of the books of his Shaikh, Ibn Taymiyyah, the apparent meaning of which is that the fire will cease to exist totally–it is fitting that this is taken to mean the perishing of the fire which the disobedient sinners from the Muslims will enter.  Because they will be saved one day, as he عليه الصلاة والسلام said, “Whoever says, ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah,’ it will help him one day …” [Compilers note: it will help him one day before Allaah].

And I have written an introduction to this book [Raf’ul Astaar of San’aani], almost fifty pages long, confirming the view that as-San’aani, may Allaah have mercy on him, held: that the saying that the fire of the disbelievers will cease is something which contradicts the Book and the Sunnah.

And the [high] regard we have of the Shaikh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and his student Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah is that they would not fall into a contradiction as apparent as this one.

So it is fitting that the fire which he stated would cease be taken to mean that of the disobedient sinners from this Ummah and not the fire of the disbelievers.

Fataawaa Jeddah, 4.

Is the Punishment of the Grave Continuous or Does it Cease?


Questioner: Our teacher, the punishment in the grave, is it [constant] up until the Day of Judgement or does it cease? And what is the proof for that?

Al-Albani: In the Noble Quran, our Lord said about Pharaoh and his people, “The Fire, they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon.” [Ghaafir 40:46].  This is in relation to most of the people, Pharaoh and his people, who took a deity [to worship] other than Allaah.   As for the others then there is no doubt that the disobedient sinners [faasiq] from the Muslims, their punishment will be less than that.  As for details of between how long and how long [the punishment will last for], then this is not mentioned in the Sunnah.

Al-Huda wan-Noor, no. 9.

Here’s the video a brother made of this post, jazaahullaahu khairaa:

What Exactly was it that the Angel Mika’il saw such that He Stopped Laughing?


قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِجِبْرِيْلَ عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلَامُ: مَا لِي لَمْ أَرَ مِيْكَائِيْلَ ضَاْحِكاً قَطُّ؟ قَالَ: مَا ضَحِكَ مِيْكَائِيْلُ مُنْذُ خُلِقَتِ الْنَّارُ

 

From Anas ibn Maalik from the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ that he said to Jibreel عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلَامُ, “Why is it that I have never seen Mika’il laugh at all?”

He said, “Mika’il has never laughed since the Fire was created.”

Silsilah | 2511 | Hasan

The Gates of Paradise and Hell


اَلْجَنَّةُ لَهَا ثَمَانِيَةُ أَبْوَابٍ، وَالْنَّارُ لَهَا سَبْعَةُ أَبْوَابٍ

From Utbah ibn Abd as-Sulami who said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Paradise has eight gates and the Fire has seven gates.”

Silsilah | 1812 | Authentic.

Is it incorrect to Worship Allaah out of Hope for His Paradise and Fear of His Fire?


 

Our Shaikh, without any objection [to the question I am going to ask], sorry [but]: Why do we worship Allaah, do we worship him out of the desire for Paradise and fear of the Fire? Or is there something else? I.e., something which is [connected to] the natural disposition of man?

Al-Albaani: i.e., your question centres around what has been reported from Raabi’ah al-Adawiyyah that she used to say when calling upon Allaah … “I don’t worship You out of hope for Your Paradise and nor out of the fear of Your Fire, rather I only worship You because You deserve to be worshipped.”

The reality is that this issue which has been reported in this sentence from Raabi’ah–and it does not concern me whether it has been authentically attributed to her or not, because I look at what is said and not at the one who is saying it–this sentence goes against the natural state of man, goes against what I assume is the natural disposition [fitrah], i.e., which is that a person worships Allaah according to other than the madhhab of Raabi’ah if it [i.e., that saying] has been correctly attributed to her.

[A person] worships Allaah out of hope and fear and this is something which Allaah described His servants with in the Noble Quraan, and it is not possible for a person to be divested of fear from something which is [so] colossal, horrendous, and terrifying. It is not possible except if he is taken out of the state of being human–and we are talking about humankind [here].

So look, for example, at Musa, the one whom Allaah the Blessed and Most High spoke to, when Allaah gathered him and Pharaoh’s magicians together and they came with their magic which took hold of the reasoning of those present, included among them was Musa about whom the Lord of all Creation said in the clear text of the Noble Quran, And he sensed within himself fear, did Moses. We said, “Fear not. Indeed, it is you who are superior.” [Taa Haa 20:67-68]

So Musa felt fear from the magic of those magicians, [magic] which was falsehood, but fear is from man’s nature.

For this reason when a person can be afraid of a wild animal, a lion, a hyena, the magic of a magician and so on, then how can he not be afraid of the punishment of the Lord of all Creation? And how can he not hope for the everlasting bliss which is with Allaah?

It is not possible for a person to free himself of this at all. So he worships Allaah in the hope of gaining His Paradise and fearing His Fire.

For this reason the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم when describing himself, he mentioned something to them which I don’t recall now …, [he said], “By Allaah! I am the one who fears Allaah the most from all of you and the most pious of you.” So he صلى الله عليه وسلم feared Allaah.

So how can it be possible to imagine a person who worships Allaah and does not fear Him, this is impossible.

Al-Huda wan-Noor, 261.

Whoever memorises the Quraan for the Face of Allaah will not be touched by the Fire inshaa Allaah


 

لَوْ جُعِلَ الْقُرْآنُ فِي إِهَابٍ، ثُمَّ أُلْقِيَ فِي النَّارِ؛ مَا احْتَرَقَ

From Uqbah ibn Aamir, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “If the Quraan were to be placed in leather and then thrown into the Fire, it would not burn.”

Silsilah | 3562 | Hasan

Shaikh al-Albaani said, “… that what is meant is what the Imaams of Hadith have said, from them al-Baihaqi who said in ash-Shu’ab from Abu Abdullaah, ‘i.e., that whoever carries [i.e., memorises] the Quran and recites it will not be touched by the Fire.’” Abu Abdullaah is al-Bushanji. And in al-Asmaa he reported similar to it from Imaam Ahmad.

And there is no doubt that what is intended is one who carries the Quraan, has memorized it and recites it for the Face of Allaah the Blessed and Most High, not seeking any reward or thanks for that from anyone except Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.  For if not, then he will be like the one spoken about by Abu Abdur-Rahmaan, i.e., Abdullaah ibn Yazeed al-Muqri, as occurs in Musnad Abu Ya’laa who said, ‘Its explanation is that whoever gathers the Quraan and then enters the Fire, then he is worse than a pig.’”

The Reward for Reaching the Opening Takbir in the Congregational Prayer for Forty Days


مَنْ صَلَّى لِلهِ أَرْبَعِيْنَ يَوْمًا فِي جَمَاعَةٍ يُدْرِكُ التَّكْبِيْرَةَ الأُوْلَى كُتِبَتْ لَهُ بَرَاءَتَانِ: بَرَاءَةٌ مِنَ النَّارِ وَبَرَاءَةٌ مِنَ النِّفَاقِ

 

From Anas, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Whoever prays with the congregation reaching the opening takbir for forty days [sincerely] for [the sake of] Allaah, two types of freedom are written for him: freedom from the Fire, and freedom from hypocrisy.”

Silsilah | 2652 | Hasan

The Reward for Lying upon the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ


إِنَّ الَّذِي يَكْذِبُ عَلَيَّ يُبْنَى لَهُ بَيْتٌ فِي النَّارِ

The Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said, “Indeed a house in the Fire is built for the one who lies upon me.”

Silsilah | 1618 | Saheeh

Silsilah| The Authentic Collection| No. 6


عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ ابْنِ جُحَادَةَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ زَمِيْلٍ لَهُ مِنْ بَنِيْ الْعَنْبَرِ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ- وَكَانَ يُكَنَّى: أَبَا الْمُنْتَفِقِ- قَالَ أَتَيْتُ مَكَّةَ، فَسَأَلْتُ عَنْ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -؟ فَقَالُوا: هُوَ بِعَرَفَةَ، فَأَتَيْتُهُ؛ فَذَهَبْتُ أَدْنُوْ مِنْهُ فَمَنَعُوْنِيْ، فَقَاْلَ: “اُتْرُكُوْهُ “. فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ، حَتَّى إِذَا اخْتَلَفَتْ عُنُقُ رَاحِلَتِهِ وَعُنُقُ رَاحِلَتِيْ، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ! نَبِّئْنِيْ بِمَا يُبَاعِدُنِيْ مِنْ عَذَابِ اللهِ، وَيُدْخِلُنِيَ الْجَنَّةَ؟ قَالَ:(1- تَعْبُدُ (وَفِيْ رِوَايَةٍ: اُعْبُدُ) اللهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكْ بِهِ شَيْئاً.2- وَتُقِيْمُ الْصَّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوْبَةَ.3- وَتُؤَدِّيْ الْزَّكَاةَ الْمَفْرُوْضَةَ. 4- وَتَصُوْمُ رَمَضَاْنَ. 5- وَتَحُجُّ وَتَعْتَمِرُوَانْظُرْ مَا تُحِبُّ مِنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ يَأْتُوْهُ إِلَيْكَ؛ فَافْعَلْهُ بِهِمْ، وَمَا كَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَأْتُوْهُ إِلَيْكَ؛ فَذَرْهُمْ مِنْهُ

From Muhammad ibn Juhaadah, from a man, from a friend of his from Bani al-Anbar, from his father whose kunyaa was Abul-Muntafiq, who said, “I came to Makkah and asked about [the whereabouts] of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, so they said, ‘He is at Arafah.’  So I went to him and tried to get close to him but they prevented me.  So the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said, ‘Leave him.’ So I came close to him until our riding beasts were neck and neck and then I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah!  Inform me of that which will distance me from the Fire and cause me to enter into Paradise?’  So he said, ‘1) That you worship (and in a narration there occurs, ‘Worship …’) Allaah and do not associate anything in worship with him; 2) establish the prescribed prayer, 3) give the obligatory zakaah, 4) fast Ramadaan, 5) and perform Hajj and Umrah, 6) and look at how you would like to be treated by the people and so treat them in that manner, and how you would not like to be treated by them, then [likewise], do not treat them in that manner.’”

As-Saheehah, no. 3508

“O Lord! This is Not What I had Hoped For!”


 

Mention of the Fact that Having Good Suspicion about the One Worshipped – the Lofty and Most High – Can Help in the Hereafter for the one for whom Allaah Intends Good

Al-Hasan ibn Sufyaan narrated to us, saying: Hudbah ibn Khalid Al-Qaisee narrated to us, saying: Hammad ibn Salamah narrated to us from Thaabit, from Anas ibn Maalik who said, “The Prophet, sallallaahu aalaihi wa sallam, said:

‘Two men will be taken out of the Fire.  Then they will be brought before Allaah.  Then they will be ordered [back] into the Fire.  So one of the two will look back and say, ‘O Lord!  This was not what I hoped for!’  He will say, ‘And what was your hope?’  He will say, ‘My hope was that when You took me out of the Fire You would not return me into it.’

So Allaah will have Mercy on him, and admit him into Paradise.'”

Authentic ∣ Reported in Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan, no. 631.

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