Shaikh al-Albaani

Translations From His Works

Tag: ramadaan

Giving Reminders Between the Rak’ahs in Taraweeh in Ramadaan


Questioner: Is it allowed for the Imaam of a mosque or a daa’ee, who leads the people in the mosque for taraweeh … between the rak’ahs there’s a break in which he reminds them of certain issues, for example, about performing the prayer well and following the Prophet , and alerts them to certain innovations or acts of shirk, yes, alerts them [to such things], ya’nee?

Al-Albaani: The answer is that it is [both] permissible and not permissible: if he is alerting or warning them, ordering or prohibiting them about something incidental then it is a must.

As for making it something structured and customary, [where] between every four rak’ahs, for example, or more or less than that, the Imaam gives a lecture, then this is in opposition to the Sunnah.

If it is about something unexpected then it is waajib to alert them about it, as for taking that to be something structured, then the taraweeh prayer is an unmixed act of worship in which the Muslim turns to Allaah عز وجل with all his limbs, core, mind and heart, this is the goal of the qiyaam in Ramadaan.

As for having sittings between two or four rak’ahs as something structured, then that was not from the Prophet’s guidance .

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 656.

Al-Albaani on Lengthening the Supplication in Taraaweeh and Especially on the Night when The Quraan’s Recitation is Completed


 

Shaikh Esaam Moosaa Haadi said, “I heard him repeatedly criticise the Imaams of the Haram and others for making the supplication [in Taraaweeh] long and especially on the night when the recitation of the Quraan is completed, saying, ‘That is not from the Sunnah.”

Muhaddithul-Asr, Imaam Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani Kamaa ’Araftuhu, p. 109.

Also see here.

Shaikh al-Albaani’s Daughter asking her Father about Devoting Oneself to Reciting the Quraan to the Exclusion of other Acts of Worship in Ramadaan


 

Sukainah the daughter of Shaikh al-Albaani said, “I asked my father, may Allaah have mercy on him, [a question] the summary of which is: I read that when Ramadaan would begin some of the scholars would devote themselves to reciting the Quraan, even though they were people of knowledge who would issue religious verdicts for the masses.  So they would even stop giving religious verdicts.  Is this correct?  Should I single out this month for the Quraan and leave reading hadiths, their explanation and lessons in the dialects of the Quraan and other than that?

So in answer to this he said, “This particularisation has no basis in the Sunnah–but that which is in the Sunnah and is known [from a hadith] reported in the two Sahihs[1] is to increase in the recitation of the Quraan in Ramadaan. As for particularising the month of Ramadaan solely for the recitation of the Quraan to the exclusion of any other act of worship like seeking knowledge, teaching hadith, and explaining them–then that has no basis. Likewise that which is included in this topic is giving in charity, giving sadaqah, being good to the people and … and … etc.

Devoting oneself to recitation has no basis. That which does have a basis is only to increase in it.

[1] From Ibn Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with them both, who said, “Allaah’s Messenger صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ was the most generous of all the people. And he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadaan when Jibreel met him. Jibreel used to meet him every night of Ramadaan to teach him the Quraan. Allaah’s Messenger صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ was the most generous person, even more generous than the fair winds [sent (by Allaah) with glad tidings (rain), in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds]. [Bukhaari, no. 6.]

Imaam an-Nawawi, may Allaah have mercy on him, said, “Our companions said, ‘The Sunnah is to recite the Quraan in abundance in Ramadaan and to study it with someone–that he recites it to someone and someone recites it to him due to the aforementioned hadith from Ibn Abbaas.’” Al-Majmooh Sharh al-Muhaddhab (6/274). And al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab, may Allaah have mercy on him, said about this hadith, “And in it is evidence for the desirability/recommendation to increase in the recitation of the Quraan in the month of Ramadaan.” Lataa’iful-Ma’aarif, p. 169.

Taken from her blog at:

Sukainah bint Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani’s Blog

And here’s the Youtube video:

Shaikh al-Albaani’s Life | Questions and Answers … 6


 

 

Al-Albaani and his father

Al-Huwaini: Did you secretly confide in your father?

Al-Albaani: No, [I confided] in al-Burhaani. [So] he said, “Write down the things that you have come across.” So I wrote them down and presented them to him, they came to about three or four pages. The time then, as far as I can remember, was the month of Ramadaan, so when I gave him the papers he said to me, “Inshaa Allaah, I’ll give you the answer after Eed.

Then [when the time came] after Eed, he said to me, “All of this that you have written and gathered has no value.” Astonished, I replied, “Why?” He said, “Because these books which you quoted from are books which are not reliable in our view. The books which are reliable with us are Maraaqi al-Falaah and Haashiyah Ibn Aabideen only.”

I had quoted to him from Mubaarik al-Azhaar Sharh Mashaariq al-Anwaar of Ibn Malik and he was a Hanafi, and from Mirqaah al-Mafaatih Sharh Mishkaah al-Masaabih of Mulla Ali al-Qaari, and he [too] was a Hanafi, and other texts along with them, but he cast them aside as you would a date-stone, and said, “These have no value.” Even though I had gathered hadiths for him but he didn’t bother with them and paid them no mind, and said, “Our reference in the religion are only the books of fiqh and not the books of hadith,” and my father’s stance was the same and so that was the nucleus which led [me to write] my book Warning the One who Prostrates from Taking the Graves as Mosques. [This is the book we are going through on the blog]

And I do not want my actions to oppose what I say, so as long as it had become clear to me that prayer in mosques built upon graves was not correct, then for sure I would not go with my father to the Bani Umayyah mosque again, and this, naturally, irritated and angered him, but he kept it to himself.

The Issue of the Second Congregational Prayer in the Mosque

Another issue came up in which I opposed the people and it was concerning performing a second congregational prayer in the mosque. The mosque which my father lived next to was called Jaami at-Tawbah and Shaikh Burhaani was the Imaam there. Since my father lived next to it, whenever Shaikh Sa’eed [i.e., Burhaani] would be absent he would appoint my father to lead [the prayer] on his behalf. There were two prayer niches [mihraabs] and two Imaams [in this mosque], a Hanafi Imaam who was Burhaani, and a Shaafi’ee Imaam who would [often] be absent.

Al-Huwaini: Two congregational prayers at the same time?

Al-Albaani: No. I wanted to say to you that during the [time of the] Ottoman Empire, the Hanafi Imaam would lead the prayer before the Shaafi’ee Imaam whether it was in the biggest mosque, i.e., the Amawi Mosque, or in any other mosque, like the Tawbah mosque and other than it.

Then when Shaikh Taajud-Deen took leadership of the [religious affairs of the] Syrian Republic, and he was the son of Shaikh Badrud-Deen al-Husaini who was well-known for being a scholar of hadith, he–since he followed the Shaafi’ee school of thought–issued an order that the Shaafi’ee Imaam should pray before the Hanafi Imaam. And so this order was executed, as is the natural course of events, by the ruler as they say, he executed it in every mosque, included amongst them was Masjid at-Tawbah, and so the Shaafi’ee Imaam would pray before Burhaani, who was Hanafi.

So when I had gained some understanding and had come to know that the second congregational prayer has no basis in the Sunnah, I began to pray behind the Shaafi’ee Imaam, [who was] the first Imaam, and this opposition caused the most severe tension on the part of my father. Firstly, because it opposed his school of thought [madhhab] and secondly, because it opposed his actions, because he would delay his prayer so that he could pray with the Hanafi Imaam, Burhaani. But he was going his way, and I was going mine.

Then Burhaani travelled for Hajj or Umrah, I don’t recall exactly, and so appointed my father to pray in his place–but I would not pray behind him, because there was no difference in my eyes between Burhaani and my father since both of them would delay [the time of] the first congregational prayer [jamaa’ah]. So I would leave my father to pray the second prayer, and I would pray with the first Imaam.

Al-Albaani’s Father Giving Him the Choice to Stay or Leave

Then later the time came where [there was], as they say, calamity upon calamity.  It so happened that my father had to be away for a day or two and so he requested that I [lead] the prayer on his behalf, i.e., the second congregational prayer, so I refused and said to him, “You know my opinion in the matter, and it is very difficult for me to change my opinion.” A number of issues came up which ignited his fury against me.

So one day while we were having dinner he said to me in a clear Arabic tongue, after he spoke about the situation that he and I were living in as regards my opposition to him, he said, “Either there is agreement or separation.” So I said to him, “Give me three days to think about the situation.” He replied, “You have that.”

So I came with the answer, i.e., that since you have given me the choice, then I choose to live far from you so that I do not trouble or upset you because of my opposition to your school of thought.

And so it was.

I left him and I did not own a single dinar or dirham [i.e., not a penny]. And I remember very well that he gave me twenty-five Syrian liras only when I left his house.

But during all this time I had established a nucleus of Salafi brothers. One of them had a store where he would sell grain, wheat, barley and beans and so on, and it was in the same place where I had rented my shop, so he borrowed me two hundred Syrian liras so that I could rent it.

My father used to have some old [watch repairing] equipment which he would not use and had no need of so he gave it to me. So I started to work independently and from the Favours of Allaah upon me was that I was very precise in my work and honest in it and so the number of customers increased, and, as they say in Syria, “And the Generous One said, ‘Take.’”

Al-Huwaini: So our Shaikh, you were about twenty-three years old when this happened?

Al-Albaani: Yes, I was over twenty, because I have a book with me which I refer to sometimes called, Ar-Rawd an-Nadeer fee Tarteeb wa Takhrij Mu’jam at-Tabaraani as-Saghir, my age when I finished it was about twenty-one or twenty-two.

So what is meant is that I became independent in my work and thinking there, and we would hold lessons in the night with some of the brothers. Later, when the scope of da’wah increased we rented out a place, and would give lessons in hadith there: about the understanding [fiqh] of hadith, hadith terminology, and so on.

Al-Imaam al-Albaani, Hayaatuhu, Da’watuhu, Juhooduhoo fee Khidmatis-Sunnah, of Muhammad Bayyoomi, pp. 16-19.

The Shaikh’s Life in his Own Words … 8


 

His Migration from Damascus to Amman, Jordan

“Indeed Allaah, through his wisdom, has made a reason for everything and an appointed term for every affair, and He has decreed everything in a most excellent way.  Part of which was that I migrated with my family from Damascus in Syria to Amman [in Jordan], at the beginning of Ramadaan in the year 1400 [1980 ce].  So I undertook the steps to building a house there which I could betake myself to for as long as I was alive and Allaah, through his great favour and grace, made its completion easy.  I began to live there after a lot of hard work and an illness affected me as a result of the effort I put in from purchasing the land, putting down the foundations and [finally] building the house, and I still suffer from it a little, and all praise is due to Allaah in every condition and all praise is due to Allaah through whose blessings righteous actions are completed.  So it was natural that this would divert me from what I was used to doing in Damascus [where I had been] devoting myself to knowledge both studying and teaching, writing and checking – especially since my personal library was still in Damascus for I had not been able to have it transferred to Amman due to well known difficulties and obstacles.  I would console myself daily and wish for it, saying [to myself] that very soon the water will return to its course, but how often the winds flow [in directions] opposite to that which the sailors long for.  For as soon as some of our brothers in Jordan realised that I had settled at home they started to request that I resume the lectures that I used to give them in the years gone by before I migrated to Amman–since I used to travel to it every month or two, giving them a lesson or two on each journey.  They persisted in their request and so even though I had not decided to give any lectures so that I could spend what remained of my energy and life to complete some of my knowledge-based projects–and how many there are–I saw that I had to fulfil their good [natured] request and desire.  So I promised good to them and told them that I would give them a lesson every Thursday after Maghrib prayer in the house of one of our noble brothers whose house was close to mine.

That was realised, by the Permission of Allaah, and I gave them the first and then the second lesson from the book Riyaad as-Saaliheen of Imaam an-Nawawee, and I answered some of their many questions after the lesson, questions which showed their extreme desire for knowledge and to become acquainted with the Sunnah.”

Hayaatul-Allaamah al-Albaani, rahimahullaah, bi qalamihi, pp. 16-18.

Silsilah| The Authentic Collection| No. 6


عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ ابْنِ جُحَادَةَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ زَمِيْلٍ لَهُ مِنْ بَنِيْ الْعَنْبَرِ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ- وَكَانَ يُكَنَّى: أَبَا الْمُنْتَفِقِ- قَالَ أَتَيْتُ مَكَّةَ، فَسَأَلْتُ عَنْ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -؟ فَقَالُوا: هُوَ بِعَرَفَةَ، فَأَتَيْتُهُ؛ فَذَهَبْتُ أَدْنُوْ مِنْهُ فَمَنَعُوْنِيْ، فَقَاْلَ: “اُتْرُكُوْهُ “. فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ، حَتَّى إِذَا اخْتَلَفَتْ عُنُقُ رَاحِلَتِهِ وَعُنُقُ رَاحِلَتِيْ، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ! نَبِّئْنِيْ بِمَا يُبَاعِدُنِيْ مِنْ عَذَابِ اللهِ، وَيُدْخِلُنِيَ الْجَنَّةَ؟ قَالَ:(1- تَعْبُدُ (وَفِيْ رِوَايَةٍ: اُعْبُدُ) اللهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكْ بِهِ شَيْئاً.2- وَتُقِيْمُ الْصَّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوْبَةَ.3- وَتُؤَدِّيْ الْزَّكَاةَ الْمَفْرُوْضَةَ. 4- وَتَصُوْمُ رَمَضَاْنَ. 5- وَتَحُجُّ وَتَعْتَمِرُوَانْظُرْ مَا تُحِبُّ مِنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ يَأْتُوْهُ إِلَيْكَ؛ فَافْعَلْهُ بِهِمْ، وَمَا كَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَأْتُوْهُ إِلَيْكَ؛ فَذَرْهُمْ مِنْهُ

From Muhammad ibn Juhaadah, from a man, from a friend of his from Bani al-Anbar, from his father whose kunyaa was Abul-Muntafiq, who said, “I came to Makkah and asked about [the whereabouts] of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, so they said, ‘He is at Arafah.’  So I went to him and tried to get close to him but they prevented me.  So the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said, ‘Leave him.’ So I came close to him until our riding beasts were neck and neck and then I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah!  Inform me of that which will distance me from the Fire and cause me to enter into Paradise?’  So he said, ‘1) That you worship (and in a narration there occurs, ‘Worship …’) Allaah and do not associate anything in worship with him; 2) establish the prescribed prayer, 3) give the obligatory zakaah, 4) fast Ramadaan, 5) and perform Hajj and Umrah, 6) and look at how you would like to be treated by the people and so treat them in that manner, and how you would not like to be treated by them, then [likewise], do not treat them in that manner.’”

As-Saheehah, no. 3508

The Shaikh’s Life in his Own Words … 3


 

The Beginning of his Work

“And the truth is that this affair [i.e., praying salaah at the graves of the righteous] was from the very first reasons that led me to part from the majority of Shaikhs, since in this matter they were on the way of my father.  Thus from the early things that I began which resembled knowledge-based research was that I followed up this topic in some fiqh and hadith reference books which could be found in my father’s library.  I wrote a few pages in which I took the opinion of such prayer being disliked to such an extent that it is prohibited in those areas.  Especially prayer in those mosques that were built on top of the graves of the Prophets and Friends of Allaah, using as proof the sayings of the scholars that I had come across in those references.

I then presented my research to my Shaikh al-Burhaani at the end of Ramadaan and he promised to answer it after Eed.  When I came to him [after Eed] he smiled and said, “You have not done anything.  Since the places that you take from do not exceed Haashiya Ibn Aabideen and Maraaqi al-Falaah, and these are not references of fiqh.”

I was shocked at this answer and knew that the Shaikh had not grasped all that I had written, since I had in fact quoted from Umdatul-Qaari, Mirqaah al-Mafaateeh, Mubaaraq al-Azhaar and Haashaiyah at-Tahtaawee, and they are references that are respected by the people of knowledge.

It was due to this that I saw fit to follow up the issue with wider research.  In this way I continued to scour and research until the point was completed with proofs from the Book, the Sunnah and the sayings of the Scholars.  And so the result of this research was my book known as, “Tahdheer as-Saajid minint-Tikhaadhil-Qubooril-Masaajid – [literally: A Warning to the One who Prostrates from taking the Graves as Places of Worship.”

Hayaatul-Allaamah al-Albaani, rahimahullaah, bi qalamihi, pp. 11-12.

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